Assignment 3 - 2013
Due date(s): | 11 October 2013 (at class) |
(PDF) | Assignment questions |
<rst> <rst-options: 'toc' = False/> <rst-options: 'reset-figures' = False/>
Assignment objectives
=========
To use ideas and formulas related to mechanical separation units.
.. |micron| replace:: :math:`\mu \text{m}`
.. question:: :grading: 8
#. Prove that for a spherical particle, :math:`S = \displaystyle \frac{6}{d}` = specific surface area of particle per volume of solid particle, with units of :math:`\text{m}^{-1}`.
#. Calculate this value for spherical particles of 50 |micron| and 100 |micron|.
#. What is the theoretical value(s) of voidage for spheres?
#. Calculate :math:`\alpha`, the specific cake resistance value in a filtration system for spherical particles of 50 |micron| and 100 |micron|, where the solids have a density of 2500 :math:`\text{kg.m}^{-3}`.
.. question:: :grading: 4
.. From Seader, 3rd edition
#. Under what assumptions do filtration data from lab equipment plot as a straight line for :math:`V` versus :math:`\dfrac{t}{V}` axes?
#. Look up the terms "precoat" and "filter aids" in the context of solid-liquid plate-and-frame or vacuum rotary-drum filtration. Explain in an unambiguous manner the purpose they serve.
.. question::
:grading: 5
Your sister company seems to have no problem at their site with particulate pollutant discharge. Your site however experiences continual problems, despite using a similar process.
You request their flowsheet and notice an arrangement of cyclones as shown below. Explain what this sequence might do to help you achieve pollutant reduction.
.. image:: ../figures/separations/cyclones/clarifying-sequence.png :align: center :scale: 90% :width: 750px
.. question:: :grading: 20
The following filtration data are collected from a laboratory unit, using the same filter medium for all experiments. The objective is to determine the constants :math:`\alpha_0` and :math:`f` in the equation for specific cake resistance, :math:`\alpha = \alpha_0 \left(- \Delta P \right)^f`, where :math:`\alpha` and :math:`\alpha_0` are in units of :math:`\text{m.kg}^{-1}`, and :math:`- \Delta P` is in Pascals.
.. list-table:: :widths: 15 10 10 10 :header-rows: 1
* - Filtrate volume [L] - Test 1, Time [s] - Test 2, Time [s] - Test 3, Time [s] * - 0.25 - 20 - 13 - 4 * - 0.5 - 39 - 29 - 9 * - 1.0 - 99 - 70 - 26 * - 1.5 - 175 - 123 - 53 * - 2.0 - 276 - 207 - 83 * - 2.5 - -- - 365 - 128 * - 3.0 - -- - 399 - 182
Show all calculations made, including your assumptions. Work in a systematic manner.
.. question:: :grading: 12
The following is laboratory size distribution data for the feed, oversize and undersize of an industrial sieve stack are given.
.. image:: ../figures/separations/screens/particle-size-results.png :align: center :scale: 55x% :width: 750px
#. Calculate the overall efficiency. #. Calculate the cut size.
.. question:: :grading: 8
After reading this article `on the course website <http://learnche.mcmaster.ca/media/mcmaster/Hanly-Petchonka--Equipment-selection-for-Solid-Gas-Separation.pdf>`_, describe
#. what a venturi scrubber does #. draw a sketch of how it looks #. give an advantage relative to another separation unit that achieves a similar purpose #. give a disadvantage relative to another separation unit that achieves a similar purpose.
</rst>